Le blog de Sylvain Attal/ "La vie n'imite pas l'Art, elle imite la mauvaise télévision." W.Allen

31 mai 2005

L'homme qui a dit "Non"



Je prenais peu de risque en annonçant dès hier que Jacques Chirac ne pourrait résister à la tentation de nommer Dominique de Villepin à Matignon. Villepin, l'homme de la dissolution! Oui mais, aux yeux de Chirac, l'homme qui incarne le sommet de son quinquennat, le discours de l'ONU, le "Non" aux Etats-Unis, qui leur valut à tous les deux un éphémère mais réel prestige international. Discours particulièrement apprécié des "nonistes" de gauche, anti-atlantistes et même anti-américains. Le choix de l'homme du Non répondant à un autre Non. C'est la logique Chiraquienne. La réconciliation des mythologies communistes et gaullistes dont parlait Daniel Cohn Bendit. Il ne manque plus que Marie-George Buffet au gouvernement!
Ce choix prend à rebrousse poil la majorité parlementaire qui voulait Sarkozy. Mais si le parlement avait quelque pouvoir dans notre pays, ça se saurait. Sarkozy avait bien résumé les choses: "
Dans une démocratie normale le président du parti majoritaire serait appelé à Matignon. Chez nous, on envisage d'y nommer celui qui est le mieux placé pour le combattre!"
Pour amadouer l'UMP, Chirac a semble-t-il réussi à convaincre Nicolas Sarkozy d'occuper le poste de numéro 2 derrière son ennemi juré. Sarkozy préconise une rupture avec le modèle social français, or Villepin a pour feuille de route de répondre au malaise social...on va s'amuser.
Il y a quelques mois seulement Chirac obligeait Sarkozy à quitter le ministère des finances pour ne pas cumuler avec le poste de président de l'UMP. Aujourd'hui Sarkozy gardera, évidement, la tête du parti. On a le tournis!
Quand à Raffarin, dont le dernier geste de premier ministre aura été de donner la légion d'honneur à Philippe Bouvard (!) et qui quitte Matignon en nous expliquant que tout commençait à aller mieux, mais que la baisse du dollar a provoqué un "
décalage de quelques mois", là, on est dans le loufoque.
Derrière tout cela, il y a, ne nous y trompons pas, un système institutionnel exténué. Vous n'êtes pas fatigué, vous, de voir cette valse de premier ministres, alors que les monarques républicains, restent, eux, tranquillement au chaud?

8 commentaires:

ljud a dit…

Vous avez raison, on va bien s'amuser. Ubuesque, cette nomination.
Paut être un chaud mois de juin...
Plus que la dissolution ratée, c'est la réaction de juillet dernier dans l'affaire du RER C qui fait froid dans le dos...
Wait & see.

meusesurmeuse a dit…

Non. Ce n'est pas une folle valse (Raffarin, 3 ans). Après, que le monarque reste en son palais, on l'a bien voulu. Et je ne suis pas certain qu'il faille adapter le système institutionnel à un multipartisme qui commence à devenir échevélé.

Vincent a dit…

Philippe Bouvard à la Culture !

Antoine a dit…

J´ai bien aimé le combat de De Villepin à l´ONU (d´autant que notre pays avait raison). Un sondage réalisé par une université américaine dans 23 pays a démontré que l´image de la France était la meilleure et peut-être faut il en porter un peu de crédit à De Villepin.

Par contre, je l´ai vu à la télé française (je vis à l´étranger) et je l´ai trouvé nul : langue de bois et compagnie. Il avait beau faire des effets de manche, je l´ai trouvé nul.

Peronnellement, je sais qui je veux comme 1er ministre et comme président.

Simone Veil présidente :

1/ c´est une femme et ça nous changera.
2/ parcours professionel et personnel époustouflant.
3/ grande popularité, discrète, cultivée, mesurée.

Point noir : son âge peut-être.

DSK 1er ministre :

1/ il a une tronche annonçant la couleur : je rigole pas.

2/ il est très intelligent et peut lancer à mon avis très vite des réformes audacieuses, originales et sensées.

Voilà !

Anonyme a dit…

La nomination de Villepin montre a quel point Chirac est "deconnecte" de la realite du monde post -moderne dans laquelle la France n'est plus qu'un pays mineur, qui a perdu sa creativite, sa force et son influence. Son nouveau premier ministre est emblematique de la France d'aujourd'hui: une phraseologie redondante et ampoulee digne de Proust, un "non" a tout, plein d'emphase mais vide de contenu, une arrogance snob et collet-monte. La France est percue comme une eternelle donneuse de lecons dont le monde entier se rit: "Faites ce que je dis, mais ne dites pas ce que je fais...cf. les tirs contre des "Africains" recemment. Un sondage francais realise dans qq pays europeens de la CEE, dernierement, montrait que cette opinion sur les Francais et sur la France, est partagee par une majorite des sondes. A reflechir ! Il serait peut-etre temps de comprendre que la valeur intellectuelle et scientifique ne se mesure pas a l'elegance des costumes, la connaissance en bons vins, ou a l'emmengasinnage des connaissances (il y a google pour ca !): selon le systeme des Grandes Ecoles Francaises par exemple, base sur l'encyclopedisme, Einstein n'aurait jamais ete accepte a Math Sup ! Reveillons-nous, l'avenir appartient a ceux "qui ont faim" pas aux hedonistes decadents et repus. jcf

Antoine a dit…

Absolument pas d´accord avec le dernier "anonyme" : la France n´est pas décadente.

Notre image est au zénith dans le monde :

http://www.pipa.org/

Réumé succint :

"-In 20 of 23 Countries Polled Citizens Want Europe to Be More Influential Than US.

-France Most Widely Seen as Having a Positive Influence in World

-US and Russia Mostly Seen as Negative Influences"

J´ai voyagé dans plus de 60 pays dans le monde : à Tokyo, Beyrouth, Casablanca, Montevideo ou Montreal, on aime la France !

Qu´est-ce qu´ila contre les fromages l´anonyme ???

Ouais, on a les meilleurs vins, les meilleurs fromages. Le foie gras est français. Et le champagne ! Et la Côte d´Azur !

On a inventé la photo, le ciné ! Que serait la peinture sans les impressionnistes ? Sans Monet ? Sans Matisse ? Sans Gauguin ?
Que seraient Picasso ou Van Gogh sans la France ?

On a aussi Renault, le TGV, Airbus, Framatome, Suez, ... Chanel, Yves St Laurent et Hermes, Vuitton !

Les jets Falcon de chez Dassault ! On est les meilleurs ! Tout ce qui fait que la vie peut se décliner avec classe et bon goût est français. C´est un fait !

Aucun pays sur la terre peut rivaliser avec notre pouvoir de séduction : pour le droit d´asile, nous sommes au premier rang mondial. Idem pour les touristes : 80 millions par an ! Qui dit mieux ? Personne !

La France éclaire le monde. Depuis longtemps. Et ça continue. Alors faites pas chier. Perdon my french.

Anonyme a dit…

Reponse a Antoine: CQFD rien a rajouter... mais si vous n'avez toujours pas compris lisez donc l'article de Bruckner dans le Figaro "Debats et Opinions"

Anonyme a dit…

Comme ça vous ne pourrez plus dire que vous ne saviez pas....


Rabbi Marc Lee Raphael

Rabbi Marc Lee Raphael is the Nathan and Sophia Gumenick Professor of
Judaic Studies, Professor of Religion, and Chair, Department of
Religion, The College of William and Mary, and a Visiting Fellow of Wolfson
College, Oxford University. He has been the editor of the quarterly
journal, American Jewish History, for 19 years, and a visiting professor at
Brown University, the University of Pittsburgh, HUC-JIR, UCLA, and Case
Western Reserve University. He came to The College of William and Mary
in 1989 after 20 years at Ohio State University. He is the author of
many books on Jews and Judaism in America, and his most recent
publication (with his wife Linda Schermer Raphael) is When Night Fell: An
Anthology of Holocaust Short Stories (Rutgers University Press, 1999). He is
now writing Judaism in America for the Contemporary American Series of
Columbia University Press. Visit him at the website of his synagoge, Bet
Aviv, in Columbia, Maryland.


The following passages are from Dr. Raphael's book Jews and Judaism in
the United States a Documentary History (New York: Behrman House, Inc.,
Pub, 1983), pp. 14, 23-25.

"Jews also took an active part in the Dutch colonial slave trade;
indeed, the bylaws of the Recife and Mauricia congregations (1648) included
an imposta (Jewish tax) of five soldos for each Negro slave a Brazilian
Jew purchased from the West Indies Company. Slave auctions were
postponed if they fell on a Jewish holiday. In Curacao in the seventeenth
century, as well as in the British colonies of Barbados and Jamaica in the
eighteenth century, Jewish merchants played a major role in the slave
trade. In fact, in all the American colonies, whether French
(Martinique), British, or Dutch, Jewish merchants frequently dominated.


"This was no less true on the North American mainland, where during the
eighteenth century Jews participated in the 'triangular trade' that
brought slaves from Africa to the West Indies and there exchanged them for
molasses, which in turn was taken to New England and converted into rum
for sale in Africa. Isaac Da Costa of Charleston in the 1750's, David
Franks of Philadelphia in the 1760's, and Aaron Lopez of Newport in the
late 1760's and early 1770's dominated Jewish slave trading on the
American continent."



Dr. Raphael discusses the central role of the Jews in the New World
commerce and the African slave trade (pp. 23-25):


SEVENTEENTH AND EIGHTEENTH CENTURIES


JEWISH INTERISLAND TRADE: CURACAO, 1656

During the sixteenth century, exiled from their Spanish homeland and
hard-pressed to escape the clutches of the Inquisition, Spanish and
Portuguese Jews fled to the Netherlands; the Dutch enthusiastically welcomed
these talented, skilled husinessmen. While thriving in Amsterdam-where
they became the hub of a unique urban Jewish universe and attained
status that anticipated Jewish emancipation in the West by over a
century-they began in the 1500's and 1600's to establish themselves in the Dutch
and English colonies in the New World. These included Curacao, Surinam,
Recife, and New Amsterdam (Dutch) as well as Barbados, Jamaica,
Newport, and Savannah (English). In these European outposts the Jews, with
their years of mercantile experience and networks of friends and family
providing market reports of great use, played a significant role in the
merchant capitalism, commercial revolution, and territorial expansion
that developed the New World and established the colonial economi!
es. The Jewish-Caribbean nexus provided Jews with the opportunity to
claim a disproportionate influence in seventeenth and eighteenth century
New World commerce, and enabled West Indian Jewry-far outnumbering its
coreligionists further north-to enjoy a centrality which North American
Jewry would not achieve for a long time to come.

Groups of Jews began to arrive in Surinam in the middle of the
seven-teenth century, after the Portuguese regained control of northern Brazil.
By 1694, twenty-seven years after the British had surrendered Surinam
to the Dutch, there were about 100 Jewish families and fifty single Jews
there, or about 570 persons. They possessed more than forty estates and
9,000 slaves, contributed 25,905 pounds of sugar as a gift for the
building of a hospital, and carried on an active trade with Newport and
other colonial ports. By 1730, Jews owned 115 plantations and were a large
part of a sugar export business which sent out 21,680,000 pounds of
sugar to European and New World markets in 1730 alone.

Slave trading was a major feature of Jewish economic life in Surinam
which as a major stopping-off point in the triangular trade. Both North
American and Caribbean Jews played a key role in this commerce: records
of a slave sale in 1707 reveal that the ten largest Jewish purchasers
(10,400 guilders) spent more than 25 percent of the total funds (38,605
guilders) exchanged.

Jewish economic life in the Dutch West Indies, as in the North American
colonies, consisted primarily of mercantile communities, with large
inequities in the distribution of wealth. Most Jews were shopkeepers,
middlemen, or petty merchants who received encouragement and support from
Dutch authorities. In Curacao, for example, Jewish communal life began
after the Portuguese victory in 1654. In 1656 the community founded a
congregation, and in the early 1670's brought its first rabbi to the
island. Curacao, with its large natural harbor, was the steppng-stone to
the other Caribbean islands and thus ideally suited geographically for
commerce. The Jews were the recipients of favorable charters containing
generous economic privileges granted by the Dutch West Indies Company in
Amsterdam. The economic life of the Jewish community of Curacao
revolved around ownership of sugar plantations and marketing of sugar, the
importing of manufactured goods, and a heavy involvement in the sla!
ve trade, within a decade of their arrival, Jews owned 80 percent of
the Curacao plantations. The strength of the Jewish trade lay in
connections in Western Europe as well as ownership of the ships used in
commerce. While Jews carried on an active trade with French and English
colonies in the Caribbean, their principal market was the Spanish Main
(today Venezuela and Colombia).

Extant tax lists give us a glimpse of their dominance. Of the eighteen
wealthiest Jews in the 1702 and 1707 tax lists, nine either owned a
ship or had at least a share in a vessel. By 1721 a letter to the
Amsterdam Jewish community claimed that "nearly all the navigation...was in the
hands of the Jews."' Yet another indication of the economic success of
Curacao's Jews is the fact that in 1707 the island's 377 residents were
assessed by the Governor and his Council a total of 4,002 pesos; 104
Jews, or 27.6 percent of the taxpayers, contributed 1,380 pesos, or 34.5
percent of the entire amount assessed.

In the British West Indies, two 1680 tax lists survive, both from
Barbados; they, too, provide useful information about Jewish economic life.
In Bridgetown itself, out of a total of 404 households, 54 households
or 300 persons were Jewish, 240 of them living in "ye Towne of S.
Michael ye Bridge Town." Contrary to most impressions, "many, indeed, most of
them, were very poor." There were only a few planters, and most Jews
were not naturalized or endenizened (and thus could not import goods or
pursue debtors in court). But for merchants holding letters of
endenization, opportunities were not lacking. Barbados sugar-and its by-products
rum and molasses-were in great demand, and in addition to playing a
role in its export, Jewish merchants were active in the import trade.
Forty-five Jewish households were taxed in Barbados in 1680, and more than
half of them contributed only 11.7 percent of the total sum raised.
While the richest five gave almost half the Jewish total, they were!
but 11.1 percent of the taxable population. The tax list of 1679-80
shows a similar picture; of fifty-one householders, nineteen (37.2
percent) gave less than one-tenth of the total, while the four richest
merchants gave almost one-third of the total.

An interesting record of interisland trade involving a Jewish merchant
and the islands of Barbados and Curacao comes from correspondence of
1656. It reminds us that sometimes the commercial trips were not well
planned and that Jewish captains-who frequently acted as commercial agents
as well-would decide where to sell their cargo, at what price, and what
goods to bring back on the return trip.

End of excerpt.